The country is known for the thermal waters which takes advantage of lime-sulfur at 37 ° C constant. It is said that the thermal water was discovered by the Countess Matilda of Canossa.
The Piazza del Duomo, also known by the poetic expression the square of miracles, is the most important artistic and tourist center of Pisa. Ranked among the World Heritage by UNESCO since 1987, there are great works of Romanesque European, that the monuments that form the center of the town’s religious life: the cathedral, the baptistery, the cemetery, and the bell tower (known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa)
Lucca is one of the main cities of Italy, famous even beyond national borders mainly for its intact city walls of the XV-XVII century, which describes a perimeter of 4,223 m around the historic core of the city and is one of the 4 provincial capitals Italians to have an intact Renaissance walls, along with Ferrara, Grosseto, Bergamo and the same circle, it was already starting the second half of the nineteenth century in pleasant pedestrian promenade, is still one the best preserved in Europe, as ever used in past centuries for defense.Consequently the historical city center of the city remained almost intact in its original appearance, and therefore can include a variety of architectures of value, as the numerous medieval churches of great architectural richness (Lucca has even been nicknamed the city of 100 churches, just for the presence of numerous churches in the old quarter, and consecrated, in the past and now present in the city), and bell towers, Renaissance palaces and monuments of excellent linearity style.
San Gimignano is especially famous for its medieval towers that still stand out on his views, which have earned it the nickname Manhattan of the Middle Ages. Of the 72 towers and tower-houses, existing in the heyday of the city, which left twenty-five in 1580 and today there are sixteen other scapitozzate intravedibili in the urban fabric. The oldest is Rognosa the tower, which is 51 meters high, while the highest is the Torre del Podesta, also called Torre Grossa, of 54 meters. A regulation of 1255 forbade private citizens to build the tallest towers of the tower Rognosa (who was then the highest), although the two leading families, Ardinghelli and Salvucci, they built two towers little more low of nearly equal size, to demonstrate its power.
Retains many remnants of its past when it was made the capital of the Pisan Hills. The city was awarded the orange flag, an eco-tourism and environment given by the Italian Touring Club and small community Italian inland.
It is one of the most populous countries of the Pisan although, with its area of 19.90 km ², one of the smaller municipalities of the province.Of particular interest is the Villa Medici Camugliano (also known as Villa Niccolini).
The city, famous for the extraction and processing of Alabaster, contains a notable old town of Etruscan origin (of this era remains the Gate Arch, beautifully preserved, and the Porta Diana, which preserves the blocks of the jambs; most the walls built with cyclopean blocks of local stone, and numerous tombs used to bury the dead), with Roman ruins and medieval buildings like the Cathedral and the Palazzo dei Priori in the square, the center of the town.